How to address
The King and Queen

How exactly should we address The King and Queen?

As Britain is now under the reign of Charles III, and for the first time since 1936, we have a King and a Queen, it seems like a royal refresher is needed. Please find some guidance here. For further information or to contact them electronically, please visit the British Royal Family’s official website.

Unless you are personally known to The King or The Queen or another member of the royal family you should address your letter to a Private Secretary, Equerry or Lady in Waiting, asking for the subject of the letter be known to His or Her Majesty.

In such cases the letter can begin and end:

Dear Sir or Dear Madam (if name not known)
Yours faithfully

Dear Sir Edward
Yours sincerely

Envelope: The Private Secretary to The King (for example).

For those who do wish to write directly to The King, the letter should begin ‘Sir’ or ‘May it please Your Majesty’. It ends with ‘I have the honour to remain, Sir, Your Majesty’s most humble and obedient subject’ and then your name.

For those who do wish to write directly to The Queen, the letter should begin ‘Madam’ or ‘May it please Your Majesty’. It ends with ‘I have the honour to remain, Madam, Your Majesty’s most humble and obedient subject’ and then your name.

Within the body of the letter do not use ‘you’ (singular) or ‘your’ (singular). Instead use ‘Your Majesty’ and ‘Your Majesty’s’.

Envelope: His Majesty The King or Her Majesty The Queen

Allow The King or The Queen to begin, steer and end the conversation.

On first address: Your Majesty
Thereafter: Sir (King) or Ma’am (Queen).

As with writing, replace ‘you’ and ‘your’ with ‘Your Majesty’ or and ‘Your Majesty’s’.

When referring to them to others, ‘The King and Queen’ or ‘The King and Queen Camilla’ is correct.

When being presented to The King or Queen, men are expected to bow from the neck. Women can either bow or curtsey. If a curtsy is given it is just a short bob, keeping the back straight, hands by the side, dropping the knees slightly and bowing the head.

Those who do not wish to bow or curtsey do not have to. Technically, only those who have The King as their head of state need to bow or curtsey. Citizens of other countries, for example America, may bow or curtsey if they wish but do not have to.

Forms of Address

Other Royalty
British Politics
British Aristocracy
Knights and Dames
Untitled People

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